Catherine Linard Post-doc Researcher (ULB) / Lecturer (U. Namur)

Biographical sketch.

Catherine Linard graduated in Geographical Sciences at the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL, Belgium) in 2005. She completed her PhD thesis on spatial and integrated modelling of complex disease systems at the Department of Geography of the UCL in January 2009 and was then visiting researcher for 4 months at the Department of Zoology (TALA Research Group), University of Oxford. She was then a post-doctoral fellow of the Wiener-Anspach Foundation for two years at the Department of Zoology of the University of Oxford, followed by four years (2011-2015) as post-doctoral fellow of the “Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique” (FNRS, Brussels, Belgium) at the ULB. She is now sharing her time between an half-time academic position at the department of Geography of the University of Namur and a half-time researcher position at the ULB.

Research interests.

Catherine is interested in integrated approaches to spatial issues in epidemiology. She combines different methods and tools (e.g. Geographical Information Systems, spatial statistics and models, high resolution remote sensing) for a spatial and integrated approach to various disease systems, especially vector-borne and zoonotic diseases (e.g. malaria, dengue, avian influenza). Her current research activities focus on human population distribution predictions, urban expansion models for Africa and the impact of population distribution changes on health and vulnerability. She also produces and updates high-resolution population distribution maps for African countries (WorldPop project: www.worldpop.org.uk).

Publications

Supervised Classification of Built-Up Areas in Sub-Saharan African Cities Using Landsat Imagery and OpenStreetMap
Y. Forget, C. Linard, and M. Gilbert.
"Remote Sensing", Vol. 10, Issue 7, Pages 1145, 2018.

Modelling changing population distributions: an example of the Kenyan Coast, 1979–2009
C. Linard, C. W. Kabaria, M. Gilbert, A. J. Tatem, A. E. Gaughan, F. R. Stevens, A. Sorichetta, A. M. Noor, and R. W. Snow.
"International Journal of Digital Earth", Vol. 0, Issue 0, Pages 1-13, 2017.

The impact of urbanization and population density on childhood Plasmodium falciparum parasite prevalence rates in Africa
C. W. Kabaria, M. Gilbert, A. M. Noor, R. W. Snow, and C. Linard.
"Malaria Journal", Vol. 16, Pages 49, 2017.

Spatiotemporal patterns of population in mainland China, 1990 to 2010
A. E. Gaughan, F. R. Stevens, Z. Huang, J. J. Nieves, A. Sorichetta, S. Lai, X. Ye, C. Linard, G. M. Hornby, S. I. Hay, H. Yu, and A. J. Tatem.
"Scientific Data", Vol. 3, Pages 160005, 2016.

Mapping intra-urban malaria risk using high resolution satellite imagery: a case study of Dar es Salaam
C. W. Kabaria, F. Molteni, R. Mandike, F. Chacky, A. M. Noor, R. W. Snow, and C. Linard.
"International Journal of Health Geographics", Vol. 15, Issue 1, 2016.

Spatial analysis and characteristics of pig farming in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, P. Chinson, S. Kasemsuwan, M. Visser, A. E. Gaughan, M. Epprech, T. P. Robinson, and M. Gilbert.
"BMC Veterinary Research", Vol. 12, Issue 1, 2016.

Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 viruses with spatial cross-validation
M. S. Dhingra, J. Artois, T. P. Robinson, C. Linard, C. Chaiban, I. Xenarios, R. Engler, R. Liechti, D. Kuznetsov, X. Xiao, S. V. Dobschuetz, F. Claes, S. H. Newman, G. Dauphin, and M. Gilbert.
"eLife", Vol. 5, Pages e19571, 2016.

H7N9 and H5N1 avian influenza suitability models for China: accounting for new poultry and live-poultry markets distribution data
J. Artois, S. Lai, L. Feng, H. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Li, M. S. Dhingra, C. Linard, G. Nicolas, X. Xiao, T. P. Robinson, H. Yu, and M. Gilbert.
"Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment", Pages 1-10, 2016.

Clade-level Spatial Modelling of HPAI H5N1 Dynamics in the Mekong Region Reveals New Patterns and Associations with Agro-Ecological Factors
J. Artois, S. H. Newman, M. S. Dhingra, C. Chaiban, C. Linard, G. Cattoli, I. Monne, A. Fusaro, I. Xenarios, R. Engler, R. Liechti, D. Kuznetsov, T. L. Pham, T. Nguyen, V. D. Pham, D. Castellan, S. Von Dobschuetz, F. Claes, G. Dauphin, K. Inui, and M. Gilbert.
"Scientific Reports", Vol. 6, Pages 30316, 2016.

Spatial characterization of colonies of the flying fox bat, a carrier of Nipah Virus in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, W. Wiriyarat, P. Chinsorn, B. Kanchanasaka, X. Xiao, C. Biradar, R. G. Wallace, and M. Gilbert.
"BMC Veterinary Research", Vol. 11, Issue 1, 2015.

Improving AfriPop dataset with settlement extents extracted from RapidEye for the border region comprising South-Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique
J. Deleu, J. Franke, M. Gebreslasie, and C. Linard.
"Geospatial Health", Vol. 10, Issue 2, 2015.

Exploring nationally and regionally defined models for large area population mapping
A. E. Gaughan, F. R. Stevens, C. Linard, N. N. Patel, and A. J. Tatem.
"International Journal of Digital Earth", Vol. 8, Issue 12, Pages 989-1006, 2015.

High-resolution gridded population datasets for Latin America and the Caribbean in 2010, 2015, and 2020
A. Sorichetta, G. M. Hornby, F. R. Stevens, A. E. Gaughan, C. Linard, and A. J. Tatem.
"Scientific Data", Vol. 2, Pages 150045, 2015.

Disaggregating Census Data for Population Mapping Using Random Forests with Remotely-Sensed and Ancillary Data
F. R. Stevens, A. E. Gaughan, C. Linard, and A. J. Tatem.
"PLOS ONE", Vol. 10, Issue 2, Pages e0107042, 2015.

Income Disparities and the Global Distribution of Intensively Farmed Chicken and Pigs
M. Gilbert, G. Conchedda, T. P. Van Boeckel, G. Cinardi, C. Linard, G. Nicolas, W. Thanapongtharm, L. D'Aietti, W. Wint, S. H. Newman, and T. P. Robinson.
"PLOS ONE", Vol. 10, Issue 7, Pages e0133381, 2015.

Spatial epidemiology of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, N. Pamaranon, S. Kawkalong, T. Noimoh, K. Chanachai, T. Parakgamawongsa, and M. Gilbert.
"BMC veterinary research", Vol. 10, Pages 174, 2014.

Dynamic population mapping using mobile phone data
P. Deville, C. Linard, S. Martin, M. Gilbert, F. R. Stevens, A. E. Gaughan, V. D. Blondel, and A. J. Tatem.
"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", Vol. 111, Issue 45, Pages 15888-15893, 2014.

Predicting the risk of avian influenza A H7N9 infection in live-poultry markets across Asia
M. Gilbert, N. Golding, H. Zhou, G. R. W. Wint, T. P. Robinson, A. J. Tatem, S. Lai, S. Zhou, H. Jiang, D. Guo, Z. Huang, J. P. Messina, X. Xiao, C. Linard, T. P. Van Boeckel, V. Martin, S. Bhatt, P. W. Gething, J. J. Farrar, S. I. Hay, and H. Yu.
"Nature Communications", Vol. 5, Pages 4116, 2014.

Spatio-temporal epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza (subtype H5N1) in poultry in eastern India
M. S. Dhingra, R. Dissanayake, A. B. Negi, M. Oberoi, D. Castellan, M. Thrusfield, C. Linard, and M. Gilbert.
"Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology", Vol. 11, Pages 45-57, 2014.

Millennium development health metrics: where do Africa’s children and women of childbearing age live?
A. J. Tatem, A. J. Garcia, R. W. Snow, A. M. Noor, A. E. Gaughan, M. Gilbert, and C. Linard.
"Population health metrics", Vol. 11, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2013.

Science–policy challenges for biodiversity, public health and urbanization: examples from Belgium
H. Keune, C. Kretsch, G. De Blust, M. Gilbert, L. Flandroy, K. Van den Berge, V. Versteirt, T. Hartig, L. De Keersmaecker, H. Eggermont, D. Brosens, J. Dessein, S. Vanwambeke, A. H. Prieur-Richard, H. Wittmer, A. Van Herzele, C. Linard, P. Martens, E. Mathijs, I. Simoens, P. Van Damme, F. Volckaert, P. Heyman, and T. Bauler.
"Environmental Research Letters", Vol. 8, Issue 2, Pages 025015, 2013.

The Nosoi commute: a spatial perspective on the rise of BSL-4 laboratories in cities
T. P. Van Boeckel, M. J. Tildesley, C. Linard, J. Halloy, M. J. Keeling, and M. Gilbert.
"arXiv preprint arXiv:1312.3283", 2013.

Quantifying the effects of using detailed spatial demographic data on health metrics: a systematic analysis for the AfriPop, AsiaPop, and AmeriPop projects
A. J. Tatem, A. E. Gaughan, F. R. Stevens, N. N. Patel, P. Jia, A. Pandey, and C. Linard.
"The Lancet", Vol. 381, Pages S142, 2013.

High Resolution Population Distribution Maps for Southeast Asia in 2010 and 2015
A. E. Gaughan, F. R. Stevens, C. Linard, P. Jia, and A. J. Tatem.
"PLoS ONE", Vol. 8, Issue 2, Pages e55882, 2013.

Modelling spatial patterns of urban growth in Africa
C. Linard, A. J. Tatem, and M. Gilbert.
"Applied Geography", Vol. 44, Pages 23-32, 2013.

Mapping populations at risk: improving spatial demographic data for infectious disease modeling and metric derivation
A. J. Tatem, S. Adamo, N. Bharti, C. R. Burgert, M. Castro, A. Dorelien, G. Fink, C. Linard, M. John, L. Montana, and others.
"Population health metrics", Vol. 10, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2012.

Monitoring the impact of decentralised chronic care services on patient travel time in rural Africa-methods and results in Northern Malawi
R. M. Houben, T. P. Van Boeckel, V. Mwinuka, P. Mzumara, K. Branson, C. Linard, F. Chimbwandira, N. French, J. R. Glynn, and A. C. Crampin.
"International journal of health geographics", Vol. 11, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2012.

Large-scale spatial population databases in infectious disease research
C. Linard, and A. J. Tatem.
"International Journal of Health Geographics", Vol. 11, Issue 1, Pages 7, 2012.

Population Distribution, Settlement Patterns and Accessibility across Africa in 2010
C. Linard, M. Gilbert, R. W. Snow, A. M. Noor, and A. J. Tatem.
"PLoS ONE", Vol. 7, Issue 2, Pages e31743, 2012.

Population mapping of poor countries
A. Tatem, and C. Linard.
"Nature", Vol. 474, Issue 7349, Pages 36, 2011.

Assessing the use of global land cover data for guiding large area population distribution modelling
C. Linard, M. Gilbert, and A. J. Tatem.
"GeoJournal", Vol. 76, Issue 5, Pages 525-538, 2011.

The effects of spatial population dataset choice on estimates of population at risk of disease.
A. J. Tatem, N. Campiz, P. W. Gething, R. W. Snow, and C. Linard.
"Population Health Metrics", Vol. 9, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2011.

A high resolution spatial population database of Somalia for disease risk mapping.
C. Linard, V. A. Alegana, A. M. Noor, R. W. Snow, and A. J. Tatem.
"International journal of health geographics", Vol. 9, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2010.

Pathogenic landscapes: Interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts
E. F. Lambin, A. Tran, S. O. Vanwambeke, C. Linard, and V. Soti.
"International Journal of Health Geographics", Vol. 9, Issue 1, Pages 54, 2010.

Pathogenic landscapes: Interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts
E. F. Lambin, A. Tran, S. O. Vanwambeke, C. Linard, and V. Soti.
"International Journal of Health Geographics", Vol. 9, Issue 1, Pages 54, 2010.

A multi-agent simulation to assess the risk of malaria re-emergence in southern France
C. Linard, N. Ponçon, D. Fontenille, and E. F. Lambin.
"Ecological Modelling", Vol. 220, Issue 2, Pages 160-174, 2009.

Risk of Malaria Reemergence in Southern France: Testing Scenarios with a Multiagent Simulation Model
C. Linard, N. Ponçon, D. Fontenille, and E. F. Lambin.
"EcoHealth", Vol. 6, Issue 1, Pages 135-147, 2009.

Population, Environmental, and Community Effects on Local Bank Vole ( <i>Myodes glareolus</i> ) Puumala Virus Infection in an Area with Low Human Incidence
K. Tersago, A. Schreurs, C. Linard, R. Verhagen, S. Van Dongen, and H. Leirs.
"Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases", Vol. 8, Issue 2, Pages 235-244, 2008.

Using remote sensing to map larval and adult populations of Anopheles hyrcanus (Diptera: Culicidae) a potential malaria vector in Southern France
A. Tran, N. Ponçon, C. Toty, C. Linard, H. Guis, J.-B. Ferré, D. Lo Seen, F. Roger, S. de la Rocque, D. Fontenille, and T. Baldet.
"International Journal of Health Geographics", Vol. 7, Issue 1, Pages 9, 2008.

Environmental conditions and Puumala virus transmission in Belgium
C. Linard, K. Tersago, H. Leirs, and E. F. Lambin.
"International Journal of Health Geographics", Vol. 6, Issue 1, Pages 55, 2007.

Determinants of the geographic distribution of Puumala virus and Lyme borreliosis infections in Belgium
C. Linard, P. Lamarque, P. Heyman, G. Ducoffre, V. Luyasu, K. Tersago, S. O. Vanwambeke, and E. F. Lambin.
"International Journal of Health Geographics", Vol. 6, Issue 1, Pages 15, 2007.