Marius Gilbert F.R.S.-FNRS Senior Research associate

Marius Gilbert graduated in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1995. He was then a visiting researcher for two years at the department of Zoology, University of Oxford and did a PhD on in insect pest ecology at the ULB in 2001. He then worked on the invasion ecology of several insect pests before moving the focus of his research toward to the spatial epidemiology of animal diseases. In 2006, he was awarded a permanent academic position with the Belgian FNRS. Since 2015, he’s FNRS Senior Research associates and leads the Spatial epidemiology Lab. (SpELL).

Research interest

Marius has broad interests in the spatial epidemiology of animal diseases and invasive species. An overarching theme is the attempt to better understand how changes in agriculture have transformed ecosystems and affected the conditions of emergence, spread and persistence of pathogens and invasive species. His main area of expertise includes the epidemiology of avian influenza, global changes in livestock production systems, and livestock distribution models.


  • The emergence of avian influenza, a “One Health” epitome. Invited talk at the OneHealth / Ecohealth workshop, Brussels, 6-7th Oct. 2016.
  • Modelling the distribution of intensifying livestock production systems. Invited talk at the “Fourth international conference on responsible use of antibiotics in animals”, The Hague, 26-28th Sep. 2016.
  • Global changes in ecological boundaries and the emergence of important zoonoses. Invited keynote lecture at the AESA Anniversary conference: “Animal Epidemiology: past, present and future”, Liège, 7-9th Sep. 2016


  • Experimental design and data analysis (M. Gilbert, M. Dufrêne, BING-F-4002)
  • Seminars in data analysis (M. Gilbert, M. Dufrêne, BING-F-535)
  • Softwares for health data analysis (C. Senterre, W.-H. Zhang, M. Gilbert, INFO-L-401)
  • Sanitary risks at the human and wild-domestic animals interface (SAPU-L-698)



Changing Geographic Patterns and Risk Factors for Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Infections in Humans, China
J. Artois, H. Jiang, X. Wang, Y. Qin, M. Pearcy, S. Lai, Y. Shi, J. Zhang, Z. Peng, J. Zheng, Y. He, M.S. Dhingra, S. von Dobschuetz, F. Guo, V. Martin, W. Kalpravidh, F. Claes, T. Robinson, S.I. Hay, X. Xiao, L. Feng, M. Gilbert and H. Yu.
"Emerging Infectious Diseases", vol. 24, issue 1, 2018.

Comparative epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 and H5N6 in Vietnamese live bird markets: spatio-temporal patterns of distribution and risk factors
K.C. Mellor, K. Stevens, A. Meyer, D.U. Pfeiffer, M. Gilbert, G. Fournié, T. Vergne, D. Elkholy, P.T. Long, P. Padungtod, S. Newman and K. Inui.
"Frontiers in Veterinary Science", vol. 5, 2018.

Environmental heterogeneity and variations in the velocity of bluetongue virus spread in six European epidemics
G. Nicolas, C. Tisseuil, A. Conte, A. Allepuz, M. Pioz, R. Lancelot and M. Gilbert.
"Preventive Veterinary Medicine", vol. 149, 2018.

Forecasting the spatial and seasonal dynamic of Aedes albopictus oviposition activity in Albania and Balkan countries
C. Tisseuil, E. Velo, S. Bino, P. Kadriaj, K. Mersini, A. Shukullari, A. Simaku, E. Rogozi, B. Caputo, E. Ducheyne, A.d. Torre, P. Reiter and M. Gilbert.
"PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases", vol. 12, issue 2, 2018.

How do you find the Green Sheep? A critical review of the use of remotely sensed imagery to detect and count animals
T. Hollings, M. Burgman, M. van Andel, M. Gilbert, T. Robinson and A. Robinson.
"Methods in Ecology and Evolution", 2018.

Towards the description of livestock mobility in Sahelian Africa: Some results from a survey in Mauritania
A. Apolloni, G. Nicolas, C. Coste, A.B.E. Mamy, B. Yahya, A.S.E. Arbi, M.B. Gueya, D. Baba, M. Gilbert and R. Lancelot.
"PLOS ONE", vol. 13, issue 1, 2018.


Changing Epidemiology of Human Brucellosis, China, 1955–2014
S. Lai, H. Zhou, W. Xiong, M. Gilbert, Z. Huang, J. Yu, W. Yin, L. Wang, Q. Chen, Y. Li, D. Mu, L. Zeng, X. Ren, M. Geng, Z. Zhang, B. Cui, T. Li, D. Wang, Z. Li, N.A. Wardrop, A.J. Tatem and H. Yu.
"Emerging Infectious Diseases", vol. 23, issue 2, 2017.

Could Changes in the Agricultural Landscape of Northeastern China Have Influenced the Long-Distance Transmission of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5Nx Viruses?
M. Gilbert, D.J. Prosser, G. Zhang, J. Artois, M.S. Dhingra, M. Tildesley, S.H. Newman, F. Guo, P. Black, F. Claes, W. Kalpradvidh, Y. Shin, W. Jeong, J.Y. Takekawa, H. Lee and X. Xiao.
"Frontiers in Veterinary Science", vol. 4, 2017.

Epidemiology of avian influenza A H7N9 virus in human beings across five epidemics in mainland China, 2013–17: an epidemiological study of laboratory-confirmed case series
X. Wang, H. Jiang, P. Wu, T.M. Uyeki, L. Feng, S. Lai, L. Wang, X. Huo, K. Xu, E. Chen, X. Wang, J. He, M. Kang, R. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, S. Hu, H. Zhang, X. Liu, W. Fu, J. Ou, S. Wu, Y. Qin, Z. Zhang, Y. Shi, J. Zhang, J. Artois, V.J. Fang, H. Zhu, Y. Guan, M. Gilbert, P.W. Horby, G.M. Leung, G.F. Gao, B.J. Cowling and H. Yu.
"The Lancet Infectious Diseases", 2017.

Intensifying poultry production systems and the emergence of avian influenza in China: a ‘One Health/Ecohealth’ epitome
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao and T.P. Robinson.
"Archives of Public Health", vol. 75, 2017.

Modelling H5N1 in Bangladesh across spatial scales: Model complexity and zoonotic transmission risk
E.M. Hill, T. House, M.S. Dhingra, W. Kalpravidh, S. Morzaria, M.G. Osmani, M. Yamage, X. Xiao, M. Gilbert and M.J. Tildesley.
"Epidemics", 2017.

Modelling changing population distributions: an example of the Kenyan Coast, 1979–2009
C. Linard, C.W. Kabaria, M. Gilbert, A.J. Tatem, A.E. Gaughan, F.R. Stevens, A. Sorichetta, A.M. Noor and R.W. Snow.
"International Journal of Digital Earth", 2017.

Reducing antimicrobial use in food animals
T.P. Van Boeckel, E.E. Glennon, D. Chen, M. Gilbert, T.P. Robinson, B.T. Grenfell, S.A. Levin, S. Bonhoeffer and R. Laxminarayan.
"Science", vol. 357, issue 6358, 2017.

The impact of urbanization and population density on childhood Plasmodium falciparum parasite prevalence rates in Africa
C.W. Kabaria, M. Gilbert, A.M. Noor, R.W. Snow and C. Linard.
"Malaria Journal", vol. 16, 2017.

Using Viral Gene Sequences to Compare and Explain the Heterogeneous Spatial Dynamics of Virus Epidemics
S. Dellicour, R. Rose, N.R. Faria, L.F.P. Vieira, H. Bourhy, M. Gilbert, P. Lemey and O.G. Pybus.
"Molecular Biology and Evolution", vol. 34, issue 10, 2017.


Antibiotic resistance is the quintessential One Health issue
T.P. Robinson, D.P. Bu, J. Carrique-Mas, E.M. Fèvre, M. Gilbert, D. Grace, S.I. Hay, J. Jiwakanon, M. Kakkar, S. Kariuki, R. Laxminarayan, J. Lubroth, U. Magnusson, P. Thi Ngoc, T.P. Van Boeckel and M.E.J. Woolhouse.
"Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene", vol. 110, issue 7, 2016.

Antibiotic resistance: mitigation opportunities in livestock sector development
T.P. Robinson, D.P. Bu, J. Carrique-Mas, E.M. Fèvre, M. Gilbert, D. Grace, S.I. Hay, J. Jiwakanon, M. Kakkar, S. Kariuki, R. Laxminarayan, J. Lubroth, U. Magnusson, P. Thi Ngoc, T.P. Van Boeckel and M.E.J. Woolhouse.
"Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience", 2016.

Clade-level Spatial Modelling of HPAI H5N1 Dynamics in the Mekong Region Reveals New Patterns and Associations with Agro-Ecological Factors
J. Artois, S.H. Newman, M.S. Dhingra, C. Chaiban, C. Linard, G. Cattoli, I. Monne, A. Fusaro, I. Xenarios, R. Engler, R. Liechti, D. Kuznetsov, T.L. Pham, T. Nguyen, V.D. Pham, D. Castellan, S. Von Dobschuetz, F. Claes, G. Dauphin, K. Inui and M. Gilbert.
"Scientific Reports", vol. 6, 2016.

Did Neoliberalizing West African Forests Produce a New Niche for Ebola?
R.G. Wallace, R. Kock, L. Bergmann, M. Gilbert, L. Hogerwerf, C. Pittiglio, R. Mattioli and R. Wallace.
"International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation", vol. 46, issue 1, 2016.

Evaluating methods to quantify spatial variation in the velocity of biological invasions
C. Tisseuil, A. Gryspeirt, R. Lancelot, M. Pioz, A. Liebhold and M. Gilbert.
"Ecography", vol. 39, issue 5, 2016.

Global epidemiology of avian influenza A H5N1 virus infection in humans, 1997–2015: a systematic review of individual case data
S. Lai, Y. Qin, B.J. Cowling, X. Ren, N.A. Wardrop, M. Gilbert, T.K. Tsang, P. Wu, L. Feng, H. Jiang, Z. Peng, J. Zheng, Q. Liao, S. Li, P.W. Horby, J.J. Farrar, G.F. Gao, A.J. Tatem and H. Yu.
"The Lancet Infectious Diseases", vol. 16, issue 7, 2016.

Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade viruses with spatial cross-validation
M.S. Dhingra, J. Artois, T.P. Robinson, C. Linard, C. Chaiban, I. Xenarios, R. Engler, R. Liechti, D. Kuznetsov, X. Xiao, S.V. Dobschuetz, F. Claes, S.H. Newman, G. Dauphin and M. Gilbert.
"eLife", vol. 5, 2016.

H7N9 and H5N1 avian influenza suitability models for China: accounting for new poultry and live-poultry markets distribution data
J. Artois, S. Lai, L. Feng, H. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Li, M.S. Dhingra, C. Linard, G. Nicolas, X. Xiao, T.P. Robinson, H. Yu and M. Gilbert.
"Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment", 2016.

Spatial analysis and characteristics of pig farming in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, P. Chinson, S. Kasemsuwan, M. Visser, A.E. Gaughan, M. Epprech, T.P. Robinson and M. Gilbert.
"BMC Veterinary Research", vol. 12, issue 1, 2016.

Using Random Forest to Improve the Downscaling of Global Livestock Census Data
G. Nicolas, T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, G. Conchedda, G. Cinardi and M. Gilbert.
"PLOS ONE", vol. 11, issue 3, 2016.


Bayesian inference reveals host-specific contributions to the epidemic expansion of Influenza A H5N1
N.S. Trovão, M.A. Suchard, G. Baele, M. Gilbert and P. Lemey.
"Molecular Biology and Evolution", 2015.

Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals
T.P. Van Boeckel, C. Brower, M. Gilbert, B.T. Grenfell, S.A. Levin, T.P. Robinson, A. Teillant and R. Laxminarayan.
"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", vol. 112, issue 18, 2015.

Income Disparities and the Global Distribution of Intensively Farmed Chicken and Pigs
M. Gilbert, G. Conchedda, T.P. Van Boeckel, G. Cinardi, C. Linard, G. Nicolas, W. Thanapongtharm, L. D'Aietti, W. Wint, S.H. Newman and T.P. Robinson.
"PLOS ONE", vol. 10, issue 7, 2015.

Spatial characterization of colonies of the flying fox bat, a carrier of Nipah Virus in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, W. Wiriyarat, P. Chinsorn, B. Kanchanasaka, X. Xiao, C. Biradar, R.G. Wallace and M. Gilbert.
"BMC Veterinary Research", vol. 11, issue 1, 2015.

The dawn of Structural One Health: A new science tracking disease emergence along circuits of capital
R.G. Wallace, L. Bergmann, R. Kock, M. Gilbert, L. Hogerwerf, R. Wallace and M. Holmberg.
"Social Science & Medicine", vol. 129, 2015.

Towards a resource-based habitat approach for spatial modelling of vector-borne disease risks: Resource-based habitats for vector-borne diseases
N. Hartemink, S.O. Vanwambeke, B.V. Purse, M. Gilbert and H. Van Dyck.
"Biological Reviews", vol. 90, issue 4, 2015.

Wild waterfowl migration and domestic duck density shape the epidemiology of highly pathogenic H5N8 influenza in the Republic of Korea
S.C. Hill, Y.J. Lee, B.M. Song, H.M. Kang, E.K. Lee, A. Hanna, M. Gilbert, I.H. Brown and O.G. Pybus.
"Infection, Genetics and Evolution", vol. 34, 2015.


Agro-Environmental Determinants of Avian Influenza Circulation: A Multisite Study in Thailand, Vietnam and Madagascar
M.C. Paul, M. Gilbert, S. Desvaux, H. Rasamoelina Andriamanivo, M. Peyre, N.V. Khong, W. Thanapongtharm and V. Chevalier.
"PLoS ONE", vol. 9, issue 7, 2014.

Dynamic population mapping using mobile phone data
P. Deville, C. Linard, S. Martin, M. Gilbert, F.R. Stevens, A.E. Gaughan, V.D. Blondel and A.J. Tatem.
"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", vol. 111, issue 45, 2014.

Large-scale risk mapping of an eruptive bark beetle – Importance of forest susceptibility and beetle pressure
S. Kärvemo, T.P. Van Boeckel, M. Gilbert, J.C. Grégoire and M. Schroeder.
"Forest Ecology and Management", vol. 318, 2014.

Mapping the Global Distribution of Livestock
T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, G. Conchedda, T.P. Van Boeckel, V. Ercoli, E. Palamara, G. Cinardi, L. D'Aietti, S.I. Hay and M. Gilbert.
"PLoS ONE", vol. 9, issue 5, 2014.

Predicting the risk of avian influenza A H7N9 infection in live-poultry markets across Asia
M. Gilbert, N. Golding, H. Zhou, G.R.W. Wint, T.P. Robinson, A.J. Tatem, S. Lai, S. Zhou, H. Jiang, D. Guo, Z. Huang, J.P. Messina, X. Xiao, C. Linard, T.P. Van Boeckel, V. Martin, S. Bhatt, P.W. Gething, J.J. Farrar, S.I. Hay and H. Yu.
"Nature Communications", vol. 5, 2014.

Risks of Avian Influenza Transmission in Areas of Intensive Free-Ranging Duck Production with Wild Waterfowl
J. Cappelle, D. Zhao, M. Gilbert, M.I. Nelson, S.H. Newman, J.Y. Takekawa, N. Gaidet, D.J. Prosser, Y. Liu, P. Li, Y. Shu and X. Xiao.
"EcoHealth", vol. 11, issue 1, 2014.

Spatial epidemiology of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, N. Pamaranon, S. Kawkalong, T. Noimoh, K. Chanachai, T. Parakgamawongsa and M. Gilbert.
"BMC veterinary research", vol. 10, 2014.

Spatio-temporal epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza (subtype H5N1) in poultry in eastern India
M.S. Dhingra, R. Dissanayake, A.B. Negi, M. Oberoi, D. Castellan, M. Thrusfield, C. Linard and M. Gilbert.
"Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology", vol. 11, 2014.

Zero-inflated models for identifying disease risk factors when case detection is imperfect: Application to highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in Thailand
T. Vergne, M.C. Paul, W. Chaengprachak, B. Durand, M. Gilbert, B. Dufour, F. Roger, S. Kasemsuwan and V. Grosbois.
"Preventive Veterinary Medicine", vol. 114, issue 1, 2014.


Can landscape metrics help determine the Culicoides imicola distribution in Italy?
C. Ippoliti, M. Gilbert, S. Vanhuysse, M. Goffredo, G. Satta, E. Wolff and A. Conte.
"Geospatial health", vol. 8, issue 1, 2013.

Climate change and the spread of vector-borne diseases: using approximate Bayesian computation to compare invasion scenarios for the bluetongue virus vector <i>Culicoides imicola</i> in Italy
P. Mardulyn, M. Goffredo, A. Conte, G. Hendrickx, R. Meiswinkel, T. Balenghien, S. Sghaier, Y. Lohr and M. Gilbert.
"Molecular Ecology", vol. 22, issue 9, 2013.

Farms, pastures and woodlands: the fine-scale distribution of Palearctic <i>Culicoides</i> spp. biting midges along an agro-ecological gradient
T. Rigot, M. Vercauteren Drubbel, J.C. DeléColle and M. Gilbert.
"Medical and Veterinary Entomology", vol. 27, issue 1, 2013.

Millennium development health metrics: where do Africa’s children and women of childbearing age live?
A.J. Tatem, A.J. Garcia, R.W. Snow, A.M. Noor, A.E. Gaughan, M. Gilbert and C. Linard.
"Population health metrics", vol. 11, issue 1, 2013.

Modeling habitat suitability for occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 in domestic poultry in Asia: A spatial multicriteria decision analysis approach
K.B. Stevens, M. Gilbert and D.U. Pfeiffer.
"Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology", vol. 4, 2013.

Modelling spatial patterns of urban growth in Africa
C. Linard, A.J. Tatem and M. Gilbert.
"Applied Geography", vol. 44, 2013.

Predicting Hotspots for Influenza Virus Reassortment
T.L. Fuller, M. Gilbert, V. Martin, J. Cappelle, P. Hosseini, K.Y. Njabo, S. Abdel Aziz, X. Xiao, P. Daszak and T.B. Smith.
"Emerging Infectious Diseases", vol. 19, issue 4, 2013.

Rivers and flooded areas identified by medium-resolution remote sensing improve risk prediction of the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, T.P. Van Boeckel, C. Biradar, X. Xiao and M. Gilbert.
"Geospatial health", vol. 8, issue 1, 2013.

Science–policy challenges for biodiversity, public health and urbanization: examples from Belgium
H. Keune, C. Kretsch, G. De Blust, M. Gilbert, L. Flandroy, K. Van den Berge, V. Versteirt, T. Hartig, L. De Keersmaecker, H. Eggermont, D. Brosens, J. Dessein, S. Vanwambeke, A.H. Prieur-Richard, H. Wittmer, A. Van Herzele, C. Linard, P. Martens, E. Mathijs, I. Simoens, P. Van Damme, F. Volckaert, P. Heyman and T. Bauler.
"Environmental Research Letters", vol. 8, issue 2, 2013.

The Nosoi commute: a spatial perspective on the rise of BSL-4 laboratories in cities
T.P. Van Boeckel, M.J. Tildesley, C. Linard, J. Halloy, M.J. Keeling and M. Gilbert.
"arXiv preprint arXiv:1312.3283", 2013.


Improving Risk Models for Avian Influenza: The Role of Intensive Poultry Farming and Flooded Land during the 2004 Thailand Epidemic
T.P. Van Boeckel, W. Thanapongtharm, T. Robinson, C.M. Biradar, X. Xiao and M. Gilbert.
"PLoS ONE", vol. 7, issue 11, 2012.

Population Distribution, Settlement Patterns and Accessibility across Africa in 2010
C. Linard, M. Gilbert, R.W. Snow, A.M. Noor and A.J. Tatem.
"PLoS ONE", vol. 7, issue 2, 2012.

Predicting the distribution of intensive poultry farming in Thailand
T.P. Van Boeckel, W. Thanapongtharm, T. Robinson, L. D’Aietti and M. Gilbert.
"Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", vol. 149, 2012.

Predicting the spatio-temporal distribution of Culicoides imicola in Sardinia using a discrete-time population model
T. Rigot, A. Conte, M. Goffredo, E. Ducheyne, G. Hendrickx and M. Gilbert.
"Parasites & vectors", vol. 5, issue 1, 2012.

Quantifying the spatial dependence of Culicoides midge samples collected by Onderstepoort-type blacklight traps: an experimental approach to infer the range of attraction of light traps
T. Rigot and M. Gilbert.
"Medical and Veterinary Entomology", vol. 26, issue 2, 2012.

Risk factor modelling of the spatio-temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAIV) H5N1: A review
M. Gilbert and D.U. Pfeiffer.
"Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology", vol. 3, issue 3, 2012.


Assessing the use of global land cover data for guiding large area population distribution modelling
C. Linard, M. Gilbert and A.J. Tatem.
"GeoJournal", vol. 76, issue 5, 2011.

Characterizing the interface between wild ducks and poultry to evaluate the potential of transmission of avian pathogens
J. Cappelle, N. Gaidet, S.A. Iverson, J.Y. Takekawa, S.H. Newman, B. Fofana and M. Gilbert.
"International journal of health geographics", vol. 10, issue 1, 2011.

Identifying risk factors of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1 subtype) in Indonesia
L. Loth, M. Gilbert, J. Wu, C. Czarnecki, M. Hidayat and X. Xiao.
"Preventive Veterinary Medicine", vol. 102, issue 1, 2011.

Modelling the distribution of chickens, ducks, and geese in China
D.J. Prosser, J. Wu, E.C. Ellis, F. Gale, T.P. Van Boeckel, W. Wint, T. Robinson, X. Xiao and M. Gilbert.
"Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", vol. 141, issue 3-4, 2011.

Modelling the distribution of domestic ducks in Monsoon Asia
T.P. Van Boeckel, D. Prosser, G. Franceschini, C. Biradar, W. Wint, T. Robinson and M. Gilbert.
"Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", vol. 141, issue 3-4, 2011.

Monitoring of the intra-dermal tuberculosis skin test performed by Belgian field practitioners
M.F. Humblet, K. Walravens, O. Salandre, M. Boschiroli, M. Gilbert, D. Berkvens, M. Fauville-Dufaux, J. Godfroid, J. Dufey, A. Raskin, L. Vanholme and C. Saegerman.
"Research in Veterinary Science", vol. 91, issue 2, 2011.

Risk-based surveillance for avian influenza control along poultry market chains in South China: The value of social network analysis
V. Martin, X. Zhou, E. Marshall, B. Jia, G. Fusheng, M.A. FrancoDixon, N. DeHaan, D.U. Pfeiffer, R.J. Soares Magalhães and M. Gilbert.
"Preventive Veterinary Medicine", vol. 102, issue 3, 2011.

Spatial Distribution and Risk Factors of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in China
V. Martin, D.U. Pfeiffer, X. Zhou, X. Xiao, D.J. Prosser, F. Guo and M. Gilbert.
"PLoS Pathogens", vol. 7, issue 3, 2011.

Trees Wanted—Dead or Alive! Host Selection and Population Dynamics in Tree-Killing Bark Beetles
K.L. Kausrud, J.C. Grégoire, O. Skarpaas, N. Erbilgin, M. Gilbert, B. Økland and N.C. Stenseth.
"PLoS ONE", vol. 6, issue 5, 2011.


Anthropogenic factors and the risk of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1: prospects from a spatial-based model
M. Paul, S. Tavornpanich, D. Abrial, P. Gasqui, M. Charras-Garrido, W. Thanapongtharm, X. Xiao, M. Gilbert, F. Roger and C. Ducrot.
"Veterinary Research", vol. 41, issue 3, 2010.

Comparing methods for measuring the rate of spread of invading populations
M. Gilbert and A. Liebhold.
"Ecography", vol. 33, issue 5, 2010.

Ecological Modeling of the Spatial Distribution of Wild Waterbirds to Identify the Main Areas Where Avian Influenza Viruses are Circulating in the Inner Niger Delta, Mali
J. Cappelle, O. Girard, B. Fofana, N. Gaidet and M. Gilbert.
"EcoHealth", vol. 7, issue 3, 2010.

Flying Over an Infected Landscape: Distribution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Risk in South Asia and Satellite Tracking of Wild Waterfowl
M. Gilbert, S.H. Newman, J.Y. Takekawa, L. Loth, C. Biradar, D.J. Prosser, S. Balachandran, M.V. Subba Rao, T. Mundkur, B. Yan, Z. Xing, Y. Hou, N. Batbayar, T. Natsagdorj, L. Hogerwerf, J. Slingenbergh and X. Xiao.
"EcoHealth", vol. 7, issue 4, 2010.

New Assessment of Bovine Tuberculosis Risk Factors in Belgium Based on Nationwide Molecular Epidemiology
M.F. Humblet, M. Gilbert, M. Govaerts, M. Fauville-Dufaux, K. Walravens and C. Saegerman.
"Journal of Clinical Microbiology", vol. 48, issue 8, 2010.

Persistence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Virus Defined by Agro-Ecological Niche
L. Hogerwerf, R.G. Wallace, D. Ottaviani, J. Slingenbergh, D. Prosser, L. Bergmann and M. Gilbert.
"EcoHealth", vol. 7, issue 2, 2010.

Resource allocation for efficient environmental management: Theory for environmental management
M.A. McCarthy, C.J. Thompson, C. Hauser, M.A. Burgman, H.P. Possingham, M.L. Moir, T. Tiensin and M. Gilbert.
"Ecology Letters", vol. 13, issue 10, 2010.

Risk factors and clusters of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 outbreaks in Bangladesh
L. Loth, M. Gilbert, M.G. Osmani, A.M. Kalam and X. Xiao.
"Preventive Veterinary Medicine", vol. 96, issue 1-2, 2010.

The Cold European Winter of 2005–2006 Assisted the Spread and Persistence of H5N1 Influenza Virus in Wild Birds
D. Ottaviani, S. de la Rocque, S. Khomenko, M. Gilbert, S.H. Newman, B. Roche, K. Schwabenbauer, J. Pinto, T.P. Robinson and J. Slingenbergh.
"EcoHealth", vol. 7, issue 2, 2010.


A stowaway species probably arriving from the Balkans, the horse chestnut leafminer, Cameraria ohridella
S. Augustin, J. Settele, A. Roques, J. Garcia, C. Lopez-Vaamonde, M. Kenis, R. Valade and M. Gilbert.
"Atlas of Biodiversity Risks-from Europe to the globe, from stories to maps. Pensoft, Sofia & Moscow", 2009.

Eight years of entomological surveillance in Italy show no evidence of <i>Culicoides imicola</i> geographical range expansion
A. Conte, M. Gilbert and M. Goffredo.
"Journal of Applied Ecology", 2009.


A wind density model to quantify the airborne spread of Culicoides species during north-western Europe bluetongue epidemic, 2006
G. Hendrickx, M. Gilbert, C. Staubach, A. Elbers, K. Mintiens, G. Gerbier and E. Ducheyne.
"Preventive Veterinary Medicine", vol. 87, issue 1-2, 2008.

Mapping H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza risk in Southeast Asia
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao, D.U. Pfeiffer, M. Epprecht, S. Boles, C. Czarnecki, P. Chaitaweesub, W. Kalpravidh, P.Q. Minh, M.J. Otte, V. Martin and J. Slingenbergh.
"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", vol. 105, issue 12, 2008.


Avian influenza, domestic ducks and rice agriculture in Thailand
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao, P. Chaitaweesub, W. Kalpravidh, S. Premashthira, S. Boles and J. Slingenbergh.
"Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", vol. 119, issue 3-4, 2007.

Coniferous round wood imports from Russia and Baltic countries to Belgium. A pathway analysis for assessing risks of exotic pest insect introductions: Pathway analysis
F. Piel, M. Gilbert, C. De Cannière and J.C. Grégoire.
"Diversity and Distributions", vol. 14, issue 2, 2007.

Remote sensing, ecological variables, and wild bird migration related to outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza
X. Xiao, M. Gilbert, J. Slingenbergh, F. Lei and S. Boles.
"Journal of wildlife diseases", vol. 43, issue 1, 2007.


Anatidae migration in the western Palearctic and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao, J. Domenech, J. Lubroth, V. Martin, J. Slingenbergh and others.
"Emerg Infect Dis", vol. 12, issue 11, 2006.

Free-grazing Ducks and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Thailand
M. Gilbert, P. Chaitaweesub, T. Parakamawongsa, S. Premashthira, T. Tiensin, W. Kalpravidh, H. Wagner and J. Slingenbergh.
"Emerging Infectious Diseases", vol. 12, issue 2, 2006.

Predator/prey ratios: a measure of bark-beetle population status influenced by stand composition in different French stands after the 1999 storms
N. Warzée, M. Gilbert and J.C. Grégoire.
"Annals of Forest Science", vol. 63, issue 3, 2006.


Cattle movements and bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain
M. Gilbert, A. Mitchell, D. Bourn, J. Mawdsley, R. Clifton-Hadley and W. Wint.
"Nature", vol. 435, issue 7041, 2005.

Characteristics of cattle movements in Britain–an analysis of records from the Cattle Tracing System
A. Mitchell, D. Bourn, J. Mawdsley, W. Wint, R. Clifton-Hadley and M. Gilbert.
"Animal Science", vol. 80, issue 3, 2005.

Forecasting Cameraria ohridella invasion dynamics in recently invaded countries: from validation to prediction: A priori prediction of invasion dynamics
M. Gilbert, S. Guichard, J. Freise, J.C. Grégoire, W. Heitland, N. Straw, C. Tilbury and S. Augustin.
"Journal of Applied Ecology", vol. 42, issue 5, 2005.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Thailand, 2004
T. Tiensin, P. Chaitaweesub, T. Songserm, A. Chaisingh, W. Hoonsuwan, C. Buranathai, T. Parakamawongsa, S. Premashthira, A. Amonsin, M. Gilbert and others.
"Emerg Infect Dis", vol. 11, issue 11, 2005.

Occurrence of Ips typographus (Col., Scolytidae) along an urbanization gradient in Brussels, Belgium
F. Piel, M. Gilbert, A. Franklin and J.C. Grégoire.
"Agricultural and Forest Entomology", vol. 7, issue 2, 2005.

Patterns of spread and persistence of foot-and-mouth disease types A, O and Asia-1 in Turkey: a meta-population approach
M. Gilbert, S. Aktas, H. Mohammed, P. Roeder, K. Sumption, M. Tufan and J. Slingenbergh.
"Epidemiology and Infection", vol. 133, issue 3, 2005.

Post-storm surveys reveal large-scale spatial patterns and influences of site factors, forest structure and diversity in endemic bark-beetle populations
M. Gilbert, L.M. Nageleisen, A. Franklin and J.C. Grégoire.
"Landscape Ecology", vol. 20, issue 1, 2005.

Spatial structure of litter-dwelling ant distribution in a subtropical dry forest
L. Theunis, M. Gilbert, Y. Roisin and M. Leponce.
"Insectes Sociaux", vol. 52, issue 4, 2005.

Species richness coincidence: conservation strategies based on predictive modelling
D. Maes, D. Bauwens, L. De Bruyn, A. Anselin, G. Vermeersch, W. Van Landuyt, G. De Knijf and M. Gilbert.
"Biodiversity and Conservation", vol. 14, issue 6, 2005.


Ecological sources of zoonotic diseases
J. Slingenbergh, M. Gilbert, K.d. Balogh and W. Wint.
"Revue scientifique et technique-Office international des épizooties", vol. 23, issue 2, 2004.

Long-distance dispersal and human population density allow the prediction of invasive patterns in the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella
M. Gilbert, J.C. Grégoire, J.F. Freise and W. Heitland.
"Journal of Animal Ecology", vol. 73, issue 3, 2004.

Monitoring the regional spread of the invasive leafminer Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) by damage assessment and pheromone trapping
S. Augustin, S. Guichard, A. Svatoš and M. Gilbert.
"Environmental entomology", vol. 33, issue 6, 2004.


Fluorescence in situ hybridization: a new method for determining primary sex ratio in ants
L. de Menten, H. Niculita, M. Gilbert, D. Delneste and S. Aron.
"Molecular Ecology", vol. 12, issue 6, 2003.

Prediction of butterfly diversity hotspots in Belgium: a comparison of statistically focused and land use-focused models
D. Maes, M. Gilbert, N. Titeux, P. Goffart and R.L. Dennis.
"Journal of Biogeography", vol. 30, issue 12, 2003.

Site condition and predation influence a bark beetle's success: a spatially realistic approach
M. Gilbert and J.C. Grégoire.
"Agricultural and Forest Entomology", vol. 5, issue 2, 2003.

Spatial pattern of invading Dendroctonus micans (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) populations in the United Kingdom
M. Gilbert, N. Fielding, H.F. Evans and J.C. Grégoire.
"Canadian Journal of Forest Research", vol. 33, issue 4, 2003.

Spatial patterns and infestation processes in the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella: a tale of two cities
M. Gilbert, A. Svatoš, M. Lehmann and S. Bacher.
"Entomologia experimentalis et applicata", vol. 107, issue 1, 2003.

Visual, semi-quantitative assessments allow accurate estimates of leafminer population densities: an example comparing image processing and visual evaluation of damage by the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella (Lep., Gracillariidae)
M. Gilbert and J.C. Grégoire.
"Journal of applied entomology", vol. 127, issue 6, 2003.


Past attacks influence host selection by the solitary bark beetle Dendroctonus micans
M. Gilbert, G. Vouland and J.C. Grégoire.
"Ecological Entomology", vol. 26, issue 2, 2001.

Social parasitism in ants: effects of the inquiline parasite Plagiolepis xene St. on queen distribution and worker production of its host Plagiolepis pygmaea Latr.
L. Passera, M. Gilbert and S. Aron.
"Insectes sociaux", vol. 48, issue 1, 2001.

Spatial distribution of ambrosia-beetle catches: a possibly useful knowledge to improve mass-trapping
J.C. Grégoire, F. Piel, M. De Proft and M. Gilbert.
"Integrated pest management reviews", vol. 6, issue 3-4, 2001.


Large-scale versus small-scale variation decomposition, followed by kriging based on a relative variogram, in presence of a non-stationary residual variance
L. Raty and M. Gilbert.
"Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis", vol. 2, issue 2, 1998.