Marius Gilbert F.R.S.-FNRS Senior Research associate

Marius Gilbert graduated in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1995. He was then a visiting researcher for two years at the department of Zoology, University of Oxford and did a PhD on in insect pest ecology at the ULB in 2001. He then worked on the invasion ecology of several insect pests before moving the focus of his research toward to the spatial epidemiology of animal diseases. In 2006, he was awarded a permanent academic position with the Belgian FNRS. Since 2015, he’s FNRS Senior Research associates and leads the Spatial epidemiology Lab. (SpELL).

Research interest

Marius has broad interests in the spatial epidemiology of animal diseases and invasive species. An overarching theme is the attempt to better understand how changes in agriculture have transformed ecosystems and affected the conditions of emergence, spread and persistence of pathogens and invasive species. His main area of expertise includes the epidemiology of avian influenza, global changes in livestock production systems, and livestock distribution models.

Talks

  • The emergence of avian influenza, a “One Health” epitome. Invited talk at the OneHealth / Ecohealth workshop, Brussels, 6-7th Oct. 2016.
  • Modelling the distribution of intensifying livestock production systems. Invited talk at the “Fourth international conference on responsible use of antibiotics in animals”, The Hague, 26-28th Sep. 2016.
  • Global changes in ecological boundaries and the emergence of important zoonoses. Invited keynote lecture at the AESA Anniversary conference: “Animal Epidemiology: past, present and future”, Liège, 7-9th Sep. 2016

Teaching

  • Experimental design and data analysis (M. Gilbert, M. Dufrêne, BING-F-4002)
  • Seminars in data analysis (M. Gilbert, M. Dufrêne, BING-F-535)
  • Softwares for health data analysis (C. Senterre, W.-H. Zhang, M. Gilbert, INFO-L-401)
  • Sanitary risks at the human and wild-domestic animals interface (SAPU-L-698)

Publications

The current and future global distribution and population at risk of dengue
J. P. Messina, O. J. Brady, N. Golding, M. U. G. Kraemer, G. R. W. Wint, S. E. Ray, D. M. Pigott, F. M. Shearer, K. Johnson, L. Earl, L. B. Marczak, S. Shirude, N. D. Weaver, M. Gilbert, R. Velayudhan, P. Jones, T. Jaenisch, T. W. Scott, R. C. Reiner, and S. I. Hay. "Nature Microbiology", Vol. 4, Issue 9, Pages 1508-1515, 2019.

Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds
Z. Y. X. Huang, C. Xu, F. v. Langevelde, Y. Ma, T. Langendoen, T. Mundkur, Y. Si, H. Tian, R. H. S. Kraus, M. Gilbert, G.-Z. Han, X. Ji, H. H. T. Prins, and W. F. d. Boer. "Journal of Animal Ecology", Vol. 88, Issue 7, Pages 1044-1053, 2019.

Point pattern simulation modelling of extensive and intensive chicken farming in Thailand: Accounting for clustering and landscape characteristics
C. Chaiban, C. Biscio, W. Thanapongtharm, M. Tildesley, X. Xiao, T. P. Robinson, S. O. Vanwambeke, and M. Gilbert. "Agricultural Systems", Vol. 173, Pages 335-344, 2019.

Global trends in antimicrobial resistance in animals in low- and middle-income countries
T. P. V. Boeckel, J. Pires, R. Silvester, C. Zhao, J. Song, N. G. Criscuolo, M. Gilbert, S. Bonhoeffer, and R. Laxminarayan. "Science", Vol. 365, Issue 6459, Pages eaaw1944, 2019.

A spatial assessment of Nipah virus transmission in Thailand pig farms using multi-criteria decision analysis
W. Thanapongtharm, M. C. Paul, A. Wiratsudakul, V. Wongphruksasoong, W. Kalpravidh, K. Wongsathapornchai, S. Damrongwatanapokin, D. Schar, and M. Gilbert. "BMC Veterinary Research", Vol. 15, Issue 1, Pages 73, 2019.

Past and future spread of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus
M. U. G. Kraemer, R. C. Reiner, O. J. Brady, J. P. Messina, M. Gilbert, D. M. Pigott, D. Yi, K. Johnson, L. Earl, L. B. Marczak, S. Shirude, N. D. Weaver, D. Bisanzio, T. A. Perkins, S. Lai, X. Lu, P. Jones, G. E. Coelho, R. G. Carvalho, W. V. Bortel, C. Marsboom, G. Hendrickx, F. Schaffner, C. G. Moore, H. H. Nax, L. Bengtsson, E. Wetter, A. J. Tatem, J. S. Brownstein, D. L. Smith, L. Lambrechts, S. Cauchemez, C. Linard, N. R. Faria, O. G. Pybus, T. W. Scott, Q. Liu, H. Yu, G. R. W. Wint, S. I. Hay, and N. Golding. "Nature Microbiology", Pages 1, 2019.

Defining ecological regions in Italy based on a multivariate clustering approach: A first step towards a targeted vector borne disease surveillance
C. Ippoliti, L. Candeloro, M. Gilbert, M. Goffredo, G. Mancini, G. Curci, S. Falasca, S. Tora, A. D. Lorenzo, M. Quaglia, and A. Conte. "PLOS ONE", Vol. 14, Issue 7, Pages e0219072, 2019.

Duck production systems and highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in France, 2016–2017
C. Guinat, J. Artois, A. Bronner, J. L. Guérin, M. Gilbert, and M. C. Paul. "Scientific Reports", Vol. 9, Issue 1, Pages 6177, 2019.

Emerging challenges of infectious diseases as a feature of land systems
S. O. Vanwambeke, C. Linard, and M. Gilbert. "Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability", Vol. 38, Pages 31-36, 2019.

Global distribution data for cattle, buffaloes, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens and ducks in 2010
M. Gilbert, G. Nicolas, G. Cinardi, T. P. Van Boeckel, S. O. Vanwambeke, G. R. W. Wint, and T. P. Robinson. "Scientific Data", Vol. 5, Pages 180227, 2018.

Towards the description of livestock mobility in Sahelian Africa: Some results from a survey in Mauritania
A. Apolloni, G. Nicolas, C. Coste, A. B. E. Mamy, B. Yahya, A. S. E. Arbi, M. B. Gueya, D. Baba, M. Gilbert, and R. Lancelot. "PLOS ONE", Vol. 13, Issue 1, Pages e0191565, 2018.

Avian influenza A (H5N1) outbreaks in different poultry farm types in Egypt: the effect of vaccination, closing status and farm size
J. Artois, C. Ippoliti, A. Conte, M. S. Dhingra, P. Alfonso, A. E. Tahawy, A. Elbestawy, H. F. Ellakany, and M. Gilbert. "BMC Veterinary Research", Vol. 14, Issue 1, 2018.

Environmental heterogeneity and variations in the velocity of bluetongue virus spread in six European epidemics
G. Nicolas, C. Tisseuil, A. Conte, A. Allepuz, M. Pioz, R. Lancelot, and M. Gilbert. "Preventive Veterinary Medicine", Vol. 149, Pages 1-9, 2018.

Predictive gravity models of livestock mobility in Mauritania: The effects of supply, demand and cultural factors
G. Nicolas, A. Apolloni, C. Coste, G. R. W. Wint, R. Lancelot, and M. Gilbert. "PLOS ONE", Vol. 13, Issue 7, Pages e0199547, 2018.

Comparative Epidemiology of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H5N1 and H5N6 in Vietnamese Live Bird Markets: Spatiotemporal Patterns of Distribution and Risk Factors
K. C. Mellor, A. Meyer, D. A. Elkholly, G. Fournié, P. T. Long, K. Inui, P. Padungtod, M. Gilbert, S. H. Newman, T. Vergne, D. U. Pfeiffer, and K. B. Stevens. "Frontiers in Veterinary Science", Vol. 5, 2018.

Forecasting the spatial and seasonal dynamic of Aedes albopictus oviposition activity in Albania and Balkan countries
C. Tisseuil, E. Velo, S. Bino, P. Kadriaj, K. Mersini, A. Shukullari, A. Simaku, E. Rogozi, B. Caputo, E. Ducheyne, A. d. Torre, P. Reiter, and M. Gilbert. "PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases", Vol. 12, Issue 2, Pages e0006236, 2018.

Spatio-temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N8 spread, France, 2016 to 2017
C. Guinat, G. Nicolas, T. Vergne, A. Bronner, B. Durand, A. Courcoul, M. Gilbert, J.-L. Guérin, and M. C. Paul. "Eurosurveillance", Vol. 23, Issue 26, 2018.

Changing Geographic Patterns and Risk Factors for Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Infections in Humans, China
J. Artois, H. Jiang, X. Wang, Y. Qin, M. Pearcy, S. Lai, Y. Shi, J. Zhang, Z. Peng, J. Zheng, Y. He, M. S. Dhingra, S. von Dobschuetz, F. Guo, V. Martin, W. Kalpravidh, F. Claes, T. Robinson, S. I. Hay, X. Xiao, L. Feng, M. Gilbert, and H. Yu. "Emerging Infectious Diseases", Vol. 24, Issue 1, Pages 87-94, 2018.

How do you find the Green Sheep? A critical review of the use of remotely sensed imagery to detect and count animals
T. Hollings, M. Burgman, M. van Andel, M. Gilbert, T. Robinson, and A. Robinson. "Methods in Ecology and Evolution", Vol. 9, Issue 4, 2018.

Supervised Classification of Built-Up Areas in Sub-Saharan African Cities Using Landsat Imagery and OpenStreetMap
Y. Forget, C. Linard, and M. Gilbert. "Remote Sensing", Vol. 10, Issue 7, Pages 1145, 2018.

Dynamics of the 2004 avian influenza H5N1 outbreak in Thailand: The role of duck farming, sequential model fitting and control
R. Retkute, C. P. Jewell, T. P. Van Boeckel, G. Zhang, X. Xiao, W. Thanapongtharm, M. Keeling, M. Gilbert, and M. J. Tildesley. "Preventive Veterinary Medicine", Vol. 159, Pages 171-181, 2018.

The impact of surveillance and control on highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in poultry in Dhaka division, Bangladesh
E. M. Hill, T. House, M. S. Dhingra, W. Kalpravidh, S. Morzaria, M. G. Osmani, E. Brum, M. Yamage, M. A. Kalam, D. J. Prosser, J. Y. Takekawa, X. Xiao, M. Gilbert, and M. J. Tildesley. "PLOS Computational Biology", Vol. 14, Issue 9, Pages e1006439, 2018.

Geographical and historical patterns in the emergences of novel highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5 and H7 viruses in poultry
M. S. Dhingra, J. Artois, S. Dellicour, P. Lemey, G. Dauphin, S. Von Dobschuetz, T. P. Van Boeckel, D. M. Castellan, S. Morzaria, and M. Gilbert. "Frontiers in Veterinary Science", Vol. 5, Issue 84, 2018.

Intensifying poultry production systems and the emergence of avian influenza in China: a ‘One Health/Ecohealth’ epitome
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao, and T. P. Robinson. "Archives of Public Health", Vol. 75, Pages 48, 2017.

Using viral gene sequences to compare and explain the heterogeneous spatial dynamics of virus epidemics
S. Dellicour, R. Rose, N. R. Faria, L. F. P. Vieira, H. Bourhy, M. Gilbert, P. Lemey, and O. G. Pybus. "Molecular Biology and Evolution", Vol. 34, Issue 10, Pages 2563-2571, 2017.

The impact of urbanization and population density on childhood Plasmodium falciparum parasite prevalence rates in Africa
C. W. Kabaria, M. Gilbert, A. M. Noor, R. W. Snow, and C. Linard. "Malaria Journal", Vol. 16, Pages 49, 2017.

Could Changes in the Agricultural Landscape of Northeastern China Have Influenced the Long-Distance Transmission of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5Nx Viruses?
M. Gilbert, D. J. Prosser, G. Zhang, J. Artois, M. S. Dhingra, M. Tildesley, S. H. Newman, F. Guo, P. Black, F. Claes, W. Kalpradvidh, Y. Shin, W. Jeong, J. Y. Takekawa, H. Lee, and X. Xiao. "Frontiers in Veterinary Science", Vol. 4, 2017.

Modelling H5N1 in Bangladesh across spatial scales: Model complexity and zoonotic transmission risk
E. M. Hill, T. House, M. S. Dhingra, W. Kalpravidh, S. Morzaria, M. G. Osmani, M. Yamage, X. Xiao, M. Gilbert, and M. J. Tildesley. "Epidemics", Vol. 20, Pages 37-55, 2017.

Reducing antimicrobial use in food animals
T. P. Van Boeckel, E. E. Glennon, D. Chen, M. Gilbert, T. P. Robinson, B. T. Grenfell, S. A. Levin, S. Bonhoeffer, and R. Laxminarayan. "Science", Vol. 357, Issue 6358, Pages 1350-1352, 2017.

Epidemiology of avian influenza A H7N9 virus in human beings across five epidemics in mainland China, 2013–17: an epidemiological study of laboratory-confirmed case series
X. Wang, H. Jiang, P. Wu, T. M. Uyeki, L. Feng, S. Lai, L. Wang, X. Huo, K. Xu, E. Chen, X. Wang, J. He, M. Kang, R. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, S. Hu, H. Zhang, X. Liu, W. Fu, J. Ou, S. Wu, Y. Qin, Z. Zhang, Y. Shi, J. Zhang, J. Artois, V. J. Fang, H. Zhu, Y. Guan, M. Gilbert, P. W. Horby, G. M. Leung, G. F. Gao, B. J. Cowling, and H. Yu. "The Lancet Infectious Diseases", Vol. 0, Issue 0, 2017.

Changing Epidemiology of Human Brucellosis, China, 1955–2014
S. Lai, H. Zhou, W. Xiong, M. Gilbert, Z. Huang, J. Yu, W. Yin, L. Wang, Q. Chen, Y. Li, D. Mu, L. Zeng, X. Ren, M. Geng, Z. Zhang, B. Cui, T. Li, D. Wang, Z. Li, N. A. Wardrop, A. J. Tatem, and H. Yu. "Emerging Infectious Diseases", Vol. 23, Issue 2, Pages 184-194, 2017.

Modelling changing population distributions: an example of the Kenyan Coast, 1979–2009
C. Linard, C. W. Kabaria, M. Gilbert, A. J. Tatem, A. E. Gaughan, F. R. Stevens, A. Sorichetta, A. M. Noor, and R. W. Snow. "International Journal of Digital Earth", Vol. 0, Issue 0, Pages 1-13, 2017.

Using Random Forest to Improve the Downscaling of Global Livestock Census Data
G. Nicolas, T. P. Robinson, G. R. W. Wint, G. Conchedda, G. Cinardi, and M. Gilbert. "PLOS ONE", Vol. 11, Issue 3, Pages e0150424, 2016.

Spatial analysis and characteristics of pig farming in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, P. Chinson, S. Kasemsuwan, M. Visser, A. E. Gaughan, M. Epprech, T. P. Robinson, and M. Gilbert. "BMC Veterinary Research", Vol. 12, Issue 1, 2016.

Virus influenza aviaire hautement pathogène H5N8: particularités et implications pour la surveillance en Belgique.
S. Cardoen, E. Thiry, D. Vangeluwe, J. Dewulf, M. Gilbert, C. Saegerman, D. Lambrecht, M. Vandecan, P. Houdart, and T. van den Berg. "Epidémiologie et Santé Animale", Vol. 69, Pages 77-88, 2016.

Antibiotic resistance: mitigation opportunities in livestock sector development
T. P. Robinson, D. P. Bu, J. Carrique-Mas, E. M. Fèvre, M. Gilbert, D. Grace, S. I. Hay, J. Jiwakanon, M. Kakkar, S. Kariuki, R. Laxminarayan, J. Lubroth, U. Magnusson, P. Thi Ngoc, T. P. Van Boeckel, and M. E. J. Woolhouse. "Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience", Pages 1-3, 2016.

Did Neoliberalizing West African Forests Produce a New Niche for Ebola?
R. G. Wallace, R. Kock, L. Bergmann, M. Gilbert, L. Hogerwerf, C. Pittiglio, R. Mattioli, and R. Wallace. "International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation", Vol. 46, Issue 1, Pages 149-165, 2016.

H7N9 and H5N1 avian influenza suitability models for China: accounting for new poultry and live-poultry markets distribution data
J. Artois, S. Lai, L. Feng, H. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Li, M. S. Dhingra, C. Linard, G. Nicolas, X. Xiao, T. P. Robinson, H. Yu, and M. Gilbert. "Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment", Pages 1-10, 2016.

Antibiotic resistance is the quintessential One Health issue
T. P. Robinson, D. P. Bu, J. Carrique-Mas, E. M. Fèvre, M. Gilbert, D. Grace, S. I. Hay, J. Jiwakanon, M. Kakkar, S. Kariuki, R. Laxminarayan, J. Lubroth, U. Magnusson, P. Thi Ngoc, T. P. Van Boeckel, and M. E. J. Woolhouse. "Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene", Vol. 110, Issue 7, Pages 377-380, 2016.

Evaluating methods to quantify spatial variation in the velocity of biological invasions
C. Tisseuil, A. Gryspeirt, R. Lancelot, M. Pioz, A. Liebhold, and M. Gilbert. "Ecography", Vol. 39, Issue 5, Pages 409-418, 2016.

Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 viruses with spatial cross-validation
M. S. Dhingra, J. Artois, T. P. Robinson, C. Linard, C. Chaiban, I. Xenarios, R. Engler, R. Liechti, D. Kuznetsov, X. Xiao, S. V. Dobschuetz, F. Claes, S. H. Newman, G. Dauphin, and M. Gilbert. "eLife", Vol. 5, Pages e19571, 2016.

Clade-level Spatial Modelling of HPAI H5N1 Dynamics in the Mekong Region Reveals New Patterns and Associations with Agro-Ecological Factors
J. Artois, S. H. Newman, M. S. Dhingra, C. Chaiban, C. Linard, G. Cattoli, I. Monne, A. Fusaro, I. Xenarios, R. Engler, R. Liechti, D. Kuznetsov, T. L. Pham, T. Nguyen, V. D. Pham, D. Castellan, S. Von Dobschuetz, F. Claes, G. Dauphin, K. Inui, and M. Gilbert. "Scientific Reports", Vol. 6, Pages 30316, 2016.

Global epidemiology of avian influenza A H5N1 virus infection in humans, 1997–2015: a systematic review of individual case data
S. Lai, Y. Qin, B. J. Cowling, X. Ren, N. A. Wardrop, M. Gilbert, T. K. Tsang, P. Wu, L. Feng, H. Jiang, Z. Peng, J. Zheng, Q. Liao, S. Li, P. W. Horby, J. J. Farrar, G. F. Gao, A. J. Tatem, and H. Yu. "The Lancet Infectious Diseases", Vol. 16, Issue 7, Pages e108-e118, 2016.

Towards a resource-based habitat approach for spatial modelling of vector-borne disease risks: Resource-based habitats for vector-borne diseases
N. Hartemink, S. O. Vanwambeke, B. V. Purse, M. Gilbert, and H. Van Dyck. "Biological Reviews", Vol. 90, Issue 4, Pages 1151-1162, 2015.

Income Disparities and the Global Distribution of Intensively Farmed Chicken and Pigs
M. Gilbert, G. Conchedda, T. P. Van Boeckel, G. Cinardi, C. Linard, G. Nicolas, W. Thanapongtharm, L. D'Aietti, W. Wint, S. H. Newman, and T. P. Robinson. "PLOS ONE", Vol. 10, Issue 7, Pages e0133381, 2015.

Wild waterfowl migration and domestic duck density shape the epidemiology of highly pathogenic H5N8 influenza in the Republic of Korea
S. C. Hill, Y.-J. Lee, B.-M. Song, H.-M. Kang, E.-K. Lee, A. Hanna, M. Gilbert, I. H. Brown, and O. G. Pybus. "Infection, Genetics and Evolution", Vol. 34, Pages 267-277, 2015.

The global distribution of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
J. P. Messina, D. M. Pigott, N. Golding, K. A. Duda, J. S. Brownstein, D. J. Weiss, H. Gibson, T. P. Robinson, M. Gilbert, G. R. William Wint, P. A. Nuttall, P. W. Gething, M. F. Myers, D. B. George, and S. I. Hay. "Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene", Vol. 109, Issue 8, Pages 503-513, 2015.

Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals
T. P. Van Boeckel, C. Brower, M. Gilbert, B. T. Grenfell, S. A. Levin, T. P. Robinson, A. Teillant, and R. Laxminarayan. "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", Vol. 112, Issue 18, Pages 5649-5654, 2015.

Spatial characterization of colonies of the flying fox bat, a carrier of Nipah Virus in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, W. Wiriyarat, P. Chinsorn, B. Kanchanasaka, X. Xiao, C. Biradar, R. G. Wallace, and M. Gilbert. "BMC Veterinary Research", Vol. 11, Issue 1, 2015.

Bayesian inference reveals host-specific contributions to the epidemic expansion of Influenza A H5N1
N. S. Trovão, M. A. Suchard, G. Baele, M. Gilbert, and P. Lemey. "Molecular Biology and Evolution", Pages msv185, 2015.

The dawn of Structural One Health: A new science tracking disease emergence along circuits of capital
R. G. Wallace, L. Bergmann, R. Kock, M. Gilbert, L. Hogerwerf, R. Wallace, and M. Holmberg. "Social Science & Medicine", Vol. 129, Pages 68-77, 2015.

Mapping the Global Distribution of Livestock
T. P. Robinson, G. R. W. Wint, G. Conchedda, T. P. Van Boeckel, V. Ercoli, E. Palamara, G. Cinardi, L. D'Aietti, S. I. Hay, and M. Gilbert. "PLoS ONE", Vol. 9, Issue 5, Pages e96084, 2014.

Risks of Avian Influenza Transmission in Areas of Intensive Free-Ranging Duck Production with Wild Waterfowl
J. Cappelle, D. Zhao, M. Gilbert, M. I. Nelson, S. H. Newman, J. Y. Takekawa, N. Gaidet, D. J. Prosser, Y. Liu, P. Li, Y. Shu, and X. Xiao. "EcoHealth", Vol. 11, Issue 1, Pages 109-119, 2014.

Large-scale risk mapping of an eruptive bark beetle – Importance of forest susceptibility and beetle pressure
S. Kärvemo, T. P. Van Boeckel, M. Gilbert, J.-C. Grégoire, and M. Schroeder. "Forest Ecology and Management", Vol. 318, Pages 158-166, 2014.

Agro-Environmental Determinants of Avian Influenza Circulation: A Multisite Study in Thailand, Vietnam and Madagascar
M. C. Paul, M. Gilbert, S. Desvaux, H. Rasamoelina Andriamanivo, M. Peyre, N. V. Khong, W. Thanapongtharm, and V. Chevalier. "PLoS ONE", Vol. 9, Issue 7, Pages e101958, 2014.

Zero-inflated models for identifying disease risk factors when case detection is imperfect: Application to highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in Thailand
T. Vergne, M. C. Paul, W. Chaengprachak, B. Durand, M. Gilbert, B. Dufour, F. Roger, S. Kasemsuwan, and V. Grosbois. "Preventive Veterinary Medicine", Vol. 114, Issue 1, Pages 28-36, 2014.

Dynamic population mapping using mobile phone data
P. Deville, C. Linard, S. Martin, M. Gilbert, F. R. Stevens, A. E. Gaughan, V. D. Blondel, and A. J. Tatem. "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", Vol. 111, Issue 45, Pages 15888-15893, 2014.

Spatial epidemiology of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, C. Linard, N. Pamaranon, S. Kawkalong, T. Noimoh, K. Chanachai, T. Parakgamawongsa, and M. Gilbert. "BMC veterinary research", Vol. 10, Pages 174, 2014.

Spatio-temporal epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza (subtype H5N1) in poultry in eastern India
M. S. Dhingra, R. Dissanayake, A. B. Negi, M. Oberoi, D. Castellan, M. Thrusfield, C. Linard, and M. Gilbert. "Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology", Vol. 11, Pages 45-57, 2014.

Modeling habitat suitability for occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 in domestic poultry in Asia: A spatial multicriteria decision analysis approach
K. B. Stevens, M. Gilbert, and D. U. Pfeiffer. "Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology", Vol. 4, Pages 1-14, 2013.

Farms, pastures and woodlands: the fine-scale distribution of Palearctic <i>Culicoides</i> spp. biting midges along an agro-ecological gradient
T. Rigot, M. Vercauteren Drubbel, J.-C. DeléColle, and M. Gilbert. "Medical and Veterinary Entomology", Vol. 27, Issue 1, Pages 29-38, 2013.

The Nosoi commute: a spatial perspective on the rise of BSL-4 laboratories in cities
T. P. Van Boeckel, M. J. Tildesley, C. Linard, J. Halloy, M. J. Keeling, and M. Gilbert. "arXiv preprint arXiv:1312.3283", 2013.

Millennium development health metrics: where do Africa’s children and women of childbearing age live?
A. J. Tatem, A. J. Garcia, R. W. Snow, A. M. Noor, A. E. Gaughan, M. Gilbert, and C. Linard. "Population health metrics", Vol. 11, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2013.

Predicting Hotspots for Influenza Virus Reassortment
T. L. Fuller, M. Gilbert, V. Martin, J. Cappelle, P. Hosseini, K. Y. Njabo, S. Abdel Aziz, X. Xiao, P. Daszak, and T. B. Smith. "Emerging Infectious Diseases", Vol. 19, Issue 4, Pages 581-588, 2013.

Can landscape metrics help determine the Culicoides imicola distribution in Italy?
C. Ippoliti, M. Gilbert, S. Vanhuysse, M. Goffredo, G. Satta, E. Wolff, and A. Conte. "Geospatial health", Vol. 8, Issue 1, Pages 267–277, 2013.

Modelling spatial patterns of urban growth in Africa
C. Linard, A. J. Tatem, and M. Gilbert. "Applied Geography", Vol. 44, Pages 23-32, 2013.

Science–policy challenges for biodiversity, public health and urbanization: examples from Belgium
H. Keune, C. Kretsch, G. De Blust, M. Gilbert, L. Flandroy, K. Van den Berge, V. Versteirt, T. Hartig, L. De Keersmaecker, H. Eggermont, D. Brosens, J. Dessein, S. Vanwambeke, A. H. Prieur-Richard, H. Wittmer, A. Van Herzele, C. Linard, P. Martens, E. Mathijs, I. Simoens, P. Van Damme, F. Volckaert, P. Heyman, and T. Bauler. "Environmental Research Letters", Vol. 8, Issue 2, Pages 025015, 2013.

Climate change and the spread of vector-borne diseases: using approximate Bayesian computation to compare invasion scenarios for the bluetongue virus vector <i>Culicoides imicola</i> in Italy
P. Mardulyn, M. Goffredo, A. Conte, G. Hendrickx, R. Meiswinkel, T. Balenghien, S. Sghaier, Y. Lohr, and M. Gilbert. "Molecular Ecology", Vol. 22, Issue 9, Pages 2456-2466, 2013.

Rivers and flooded areas identified by medium-resolution remote sensing improve risk prediction of the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in Thailand
W. Thanapongtharm, T. P. Van Boeckel, C. Biradar, X. Xiao, and M. Gilbert. "Geospatial health", Vol. 8, Issue 1, Pages 193, 2013.

Predicting the distribution of intensive poultry farming in Thailand
T. P. Van Boeckel, W. Thanapongtharm, T. Robinson, L. D’Aietti, and M. Gilbert. "Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", Vol. 149, Pages 144-153, 2012.

Improving Risk Models for Avian Influenza: The Role of Intensive Poultry Farming and Flooded Land during the 2004 Thailand Epidemic
T. P. Van Boeckel, W. Thanapongtharm, T. Robinson, C. M. Biradar, X. Xiao, and M. Gilbert. "PLoS ONE", Vol. 7, Issue 11, Pages e49528, 2012.

Predicting the spatio-temporal distribution of Culicoides imicola in Sardinia using a discrete-time population model
T. Rigot, A. Conte, M. Goffredo, E. Ducheyne, G. Hendrickx, and M. Gilbert. "Parasites & vectors", Vol. 5, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2012.

Population Distribution, Settlement Patterns and Accessibility across Africa in 2010
C. Linard, M. Gilbert, R. W. Snow, A. M. Noor, and A. J. Tatem. "PLoS ONE", Vol. 7, Issue 2, Pages e31743, 2012.

Risk factor modelling of the spatio-temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAIV) H5N1: A review
M. Gilbert, and D. U. Pfeiffer. "Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology", Vol. 3, Issue 3, Pages 173-183, 2012.

Quantifying the spatial dependence of Culicoides midge samples collected by Onderstepoort-type blacklight traps: an experimental approach to infer the range of attraction of light traps
T. Rigot, and M. Gilbert. "Medical and Veterinary Entomology", Vol. 26, Issue 2, Pages 152-161, 2012.

Monitoring of the intra-dermal tuberculosis skin test performed by Belgian field practitioners
M.-F. Humblet, K. Walravens, O. Salandre, M. L. Boschiroli, M. Gilbert, D. Berkvens, M. Fauville-Dufaux, J. Godfroid, J. Dufey, A. Raskin, L. Vanholme, and C. Saegerman. "Research in Veterinary Science", Vol. 91, Issue 2, Pages 199-207, 2011.

Identifying risk factors of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1 subtype) in Indonesia
L. Loth, M. Gilbert, J. Wu, C. Czarnecki, M. Hidayat, and X. Xiao. "Preventive Veterinary Medicine", Vol. 102, Issue 1, Pages 50-58, 2011.

Spatial Distribution and Risk Factors of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in China
V. Martin, D. U. Pfeiffer, X. Zhou, X. Xiao, D. J. Prosser, F. Guo, and M. Gilbert. "PLoS Pathogens", Vol. 7, Issue 3, Pages e1001308, 2011.

Modelling the distribution of chickens, ducks, and geese in China
D. J. Prosser, J. Wu, E. C. Ellis, F. Gale, T. P. Van Boeckel, W. Wint, T. Robinson, X. Xiao, and M. Gilbert. "Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", Vol. 141, Issue 3-4, Pages 381-389, 2011.

Trees Wanted—Dead or Alive! Host Selection and Population Dynamics in Tree-Killing Bark Beetles
K. L. Kausrud, J.-C. Grégoire, O. Skarpaas, N. Erbilgin, M. Gilbert, B. Økland, and N. C. Stenseth. "PLoS ONE", Vol. 6, Issue 5, Pages e18274, 2011.

Modelling the distribution of domestic ducks in Monsoon Asia
T. P. Van Boeckel, D. Prosser, G. Franceschini, C. Biradar, W. Wint, T. Robinson, and M. Gilbert. "Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", Vol. 141, Issue 3-4, Pages 373-380, 2011.

Characterizing the interface between wild ducks and poultry to evaluate the potential of transmission of avian pathogens
J. Cappelle, N. Gaidet, S. A. Iverson, J. Y. Takekawa, S. H. Newman, B. Fofana, and M. Gilbert. "International journal of health geographics", Vol. 10, Issue 1, Pages 1, 2011.

Assessing the use of global land cover data for guiding large area population distribution modelling
C. Linard, M. Gilbert, and A. J. Tatem. "GeoJournal", Vol. 76, Issue 5, Pages 525-538, 2011.

Risk-based surveillance for avian influenza control along poultry market chains in South China: The value of social network analysis
V. Martin, X. Zhou, E. Marshall, B. Jia, G. Fusheng, M. A. FrancoDixon, N. DeHaan, D. U. Pfeiffer, R. J. Soares Magalhães, and M. Gilbert. "Preventive Veterinary Medicine", Vol. 102, Issue 3, Pages 196-205, 2011.

Flying Over an Infected Landscape: Distribution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Risk in South Asia and Satellite Tracking of Wild Waterfowl
M. Gilbert, S. H. Newman, J. Y. Takekawa, L. Loth, C. Biradar, D. J. Prosser, S. Balachandran, M. V. Subba Rao, T. Mundkur, B. Yan, Z. Xing, Y. Hou, N. Batbayar, T. Natsagdorj, L. Hogerwerf, J. Slingenbergh, and X. Xiao. "EcoHealth", Vol. 7, Issue 4, Pages 448-458, 2010.

Ecological Modeling of the Spatial Distribution of Wild Waterbirds to Identify the Main Areas Where Avian Influenza Viruses are Circulating in the Inner Niger Delta, Mali
J. Cappelle, O. Girard, B. Fofana, N. Gaidet, and M. Gilbert. "EcoHealth", Vol. 7, Issue 3, Pages 283-293, 2010.

Persistence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Virus Defined by Agro-Ecological Niche
L. Hogerwerf, R. G. Wallace, D. Ottaviani, J. Slingenbergh, D. Prosser, L. Bergmann, and M. Gilbert. "EcoHealth", Vol. 7, Issue 2, Pages 213-225, 2010.

Comparing methods for measuring the rate of spread of invading populations
M. Gilbert, and A. Liebhold. "Ecography", Vol. 33, Issue 5, Pages 809-817, 2010.

New Assessment of Bovine Tuberculosis Risk Factors in Belgium Based on Nationwide Molecular Epidemiology
M.-F. Humblet, M. Gilbert, M. Govaerts, M. Fauville-Dufaux, K. Walravens, and C. Saegerman. "Journal of Clinical Microbiology", Vol. 48, Issue 8, Pages 2802-2808, 2010.

Risk factors and clusters of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 outbreaks in Bangladesh
L. Loth, M. Gilbert, M. G. Osmani, A. M. Kalam, and X. Xiao. "Preventive Veterinary Medicine", Vol. 96, Issue 1-2, Pages 104-113, 2010.

Resource allocation for efficient environmental management: Theory for environmental management
M. A. McCarthy, C. J. Thompson, C. Hauser, M. A. Burgman, H. P. Possingham, M. L. Moir, T. Tiensin, and M. Gilbert. "Ecology Letters", Vol. 13, Issue 10, Pages 1280-1289, 2010.

The Cold European Winter of 2005–2006 Assisted the Spread and Persistence of H5N1 Influenza Virus in Wild Birds
D. Ottaviani, S. de la Rocque, S. Khomenko, M. Gilbert, S. H. Newman, B. Roche, K. Schwabenbauer, J. Pinto, T. P. Robinson, and J. Slingenbergh. "EcoHealth", Vol. 7, Issue 2, Pages 226-236, 2010.

Anthropogenic factors and the risk of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1: prospects from a spatial-based model
M. Paul, S. Tavornpanich, D. Abrial, P. Gasqui, M. Charras-Garrido, W. Thanapongtharm, X. Xiao, M. Gilbert, F. Roger, and C. Ducrot. "Veterinary Research", Vol. 41, Issue 3, Pages 28, 2010.

Méthodes d’évaluation des attaques d'Ips typographus (Coleoptera, Scolytinae) en pessière.
J.-C. Grégoire, M. Gilbert, C. De Cannière, and Delplace.
In "La forêt face aux tempêtes", Éditions Quae, Versailles, Pages 77-99. 2009.

Eight years of entomological surveillance in Italy show no evidence of <i>Culicoides imicola</i> geographical range expansion
A. Conte, M. Gilbert, and M. Goffredo. "Journal of Applied Ecology", 2009.

A stowaway species probably arriving from the Balkans, the horse chestnut leafminer, Cameraria ohridella.
S. Augustin, J. Settele, A. Roques, J. Garcia, C. Lopez-Vaamonde, M. Kenis, R. Valade, and M. Gilbert. "Atlas of Biodiversity Risks-from Europe to the globe, from stories to maps. Pensoft, Sofia & Moscow", 2009.

Mapping H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza risk in Southeast Asia
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao, D. U. Pfeiffer, M. Epprecht, S. Boles, C. Czarnecki, P. Chaitaweesub, W. Kalpravidh, P. Q. Minh, M. J. Otte, V. Martin, and J. Slingenbergh. "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", Vol. 105, Issue 12, Pages 4769-4774, 2008.

A wind density model to quantify the airborne spread of Culicoides species during north-western Europe bluetongue epidemic, 2006
G. Hendrickx, M. Gilbert, C. Staubach, A. Elbers, K. Mintiens, G. Gerbier, and E. Ducheyne. "Preventive Veterinary Medicine", Vol. 87, Issue 1-2, Pages 162-181, 2008.

Remote sensing, ecological variables, and wild bird migration related to outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza
X. Xiao, M. Gilbert, J. Slingenbergh, F. Lei, and S. Boles. "Journal of wildlife diseases", Vol. 43, Issue 1, Pages 40, 2007.

Avian influenza, domestic ducks and rice agriculture in Thailand
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao, P. Chaitaweesub, W. Kalpravidh, S. Premashthira, S. Boles, and J. Slingenbergh. "Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment", Vol. 119, Issue 3-4, Pages 409-415, 2007.

Coniferous round wood imports from Russia and Baltic countries to Belgium. A pathway analysis for assessing risks of exotic pest insect introductions: Pathway analysis
F. Piel, M. Gilbert, C. De Cannière, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Diversity and Distributions", Vol. 14, Issue 2, Pages 318-328, 2007.

Anatidae Migration in the Western Palearctic and Spread of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Virus
M. Gilbert, X. Xiao, J. Domenech, J. Lubroth, V. Martin, and J. Slingenbergh. "Emerging Infectious Diseases", Vol. 12, Issue 11, Pages 1650-1656, 2006.

Predator/prey ratios: a measure of bark-beetle population status influenced by stand composition in different French stands after the 1999 storms
N. Warzée, M. Gilbert, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Annals of Forest Science", Vol. 63, Issue 3, Pages 301-308, 2006.

Forecasting Cameraria ohridella invasion dynamics in recently invaded countries: from validation to prediction: A priori prediction of invasion dynamics
M. Gilbert, S. Guichard, J. Freise, J.-C. Grégoire, W. Heitland, N. Straw, C. Tilbury, and S. Augustin. "Journal of Applied Ecology", Vol. 42, Issue 5, Pages 805-813, 2005.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Thailand, 2004
T. Tiensin, P. Chaitaweesub, T. Songserm, A. Chaisingh, W. Hoonsuwan, C. Buranathai, T. Parakamawongsa, S. Premashthira, A. Amonsin, M. Gilbert, and others. "Emerg Infect Dis", Vol. 11, Issue 11, Pages 1664–1672, 2005.

Characteristics of cattle movements in Britain–an analysis of records from the Cattle Tracing System
A. Mitchell, D. Bourn, J. Mawdsley, W. Wint, R. Clifton-Hadley, and M. Gilbert. "Animal Science", Vol. 80, Issue 03, Pages 265–273, 2005.

Spatial structure of litter-dwelling ant distribution in a subtropical dry forest
L. Theunis, M. Gilbert, Y. Roisin, and M. Leponce. "Insectes Sociaux", Vol. 52, Issue 4, Pages 366-377, 2005.

Cattle movements and bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain
M. Gilbert, A. Mitchell, D. Bourn, J. Mawdsley, R. Clifton-Hadley, and W. Wint. "Nature", Vol. 435, Issue 7041, Pages 491-496, 2005.

Species richness coincidence: conservation strategies based on predictive modelling
D. Maes, D. Bauwens, L. De Bruyn, A. Anselin, G. Vermeersch, W. Van Landuyt, G. De Knijf, and M. Gilbert. "Biodiversity and Conservation", Vol. 14, Issue 6, Pages 1345-1364, 2005.

Spatial structure of litter-dwelling ant distribution in a subtropical dry forest
L. Theunis, M. Gilbert, Y. Roisin, and M. Leponce. "Insectes Sociaux", Vol. 52, Issue 4, Pages 366-377, 2005.

Occurrence of Ips typographus (Col., Scolytidae) along an urbanization gradient in Brussels, Belgium
F. Piel, M. Gilbert, A. Franklin, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Agricultural and Forest Entomology", Vol. 7, Issue 2, Pages 161–167, 2005.

Post-storm surveys reveal large-scale spatial patterns and influences of site factors, forest structure and diversity in endemic bark-beetle populations
M. Gilbert, L.-M. Nageleisen, A. Franklin, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Landscape Ecology", Vol. 20, Issue 1, Pages 35-49, 2005.

Patterns of spread and persistence of foot-and-mouth disease types A, O and Asia-1 in Turkey: a meta-population approach
M. Gilbert, S. Aktas, H. Mohammed, P. Roeder, K. Sumption, M. Tufan, and J. Slingenbergh. "Epidemiology and Infection", Vol. 133, Issue 3, Pages 537-545, 2005.

Ecological sources of zoonotic diseases
J. Slingenbergh, M. Gilbert, K. d. Balogh, and W. Wint. "Revue scientifique et technique-Office international des épizooties", Vol. 23, Issue 2, Pages 467–484, 2004.

Monitoring the regional spread of the invasive leafminer Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) by damage assessment and pheromone trapping
S. Augustin, S. Guichard, A. Svatoš, and M. Gilbert. "Environmental entomology", Vol. 33, Issue 6, Pages 1584–1592, 2004.

Long-distance dispersal and human population density allow the prediction of invasive patterns in the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella
M. Gilbert, J.-C. Grégoire, J. F. Freise, and W. Heitland. "Journal of Animal Ecology", Vol. 73, Issue 3, Pages 459–468, 2004.

Spatial pattern of invading Dendroctonus micans (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) populations in the United Kingdom
M. Gilbert, N. Fielding, H. F. Evans, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Canadian Journal of Forest Research", Vol. 33, Issue 4, Pages 712-725, 2003.

Spatial patterns and infestation processes in the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella: a tale of two cities
M. Gilbert, A. Svatoš, M. Lehmann, and S. Bacher. "Entomologia experimentalis et applicata", Vol. 107, Issue 1, Pages 25–37, 2003.

Site condition and predation influence a bark beetle's success: a spatially realistic approach
M. Gilbert, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Agricultural and Forest Entomology", Vol. 5, Issue 2, Pages 87–96, 2003.

Visual, semi-quantitative assessments allow accurate estimates of leafminer population densities: an example comparing image processing and visual evaluation of damage by the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella (Lep., Gracillariidae)
M. Gilbert, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Journal of applied entomology", Vol. 127, Issue 6, Pages 354–359, 2003.

Fluorescence in situ hybridization: a new method for determining primary sex ratio in ants
L. de Menten, H. Niculita, M. Gilbert, D. Delneste, and S. Aron. "Molecular Ecology", Vol. 12, Issue 6, Pages 1637-1648, 2003.

Fluorescence in situ hybridization: a new method for determining primary sex ratio in ants
L. de Menten, H. Niculita, M. Gilbert, D. Delneste, and S. Aron. "Molecular Ecology", Vol. 12, Issue 6, Pages 1637-1648, 2003.

Prediction of butterfly diversity hotspots in Belgium: a comparison of statistically focused and land use-focused models
D. Maes, M. Gilbert, N. Titeux, P. Goffart, and R. L. Dennis. "Journal of Biogeography", Vol. 30, Issue 12, Pages 1907–1920, 2003.

The Programme Against African Trypanosomiasis Information System (PAATIS)
M. Gilbert, C. Jenner, J. Pender, D. Rogers, J. Slingenbergh, and W. Wint.
In "The African Trypanosomes", Springer, Pages 11–24. 2002.

Social parasitism in ants: effects of the inquiline parasite Plagiolepis xene St. on queen distribution and worker production of its host Plagiolepis pygmaea Latr.
L. Passera, M. Gilbert, and S. Aron. "Insectes sociaux", Vol. 48, Issue 1, Pages 74–79, 2001.

Spatial distribution of ambrosia-beetle catches: a possibly useful knowledge to improve mass-trapping
J.-C. Grégoire, F. Piel, M. De Proft, and M. Gilbert. "Integrated pest management reviews", Vol. 6, Issue 3-4, Pages 237–242, 2001.

Social parasitism in ants: effects of the inquiline parasite Plagiolepis xene St. on queen distribution and worker production of its host Plagiolepis pygmaea Latr.
L. Passera, M. Gilbert, and S. Aron. "Insectes sociaux", Vol. 48, Issue 1, Pages 74–79, 2001.

Past attacks influence host selection by the solitary bark beetle Dendroctonus micans
M. Gilbert, G. Vouland, and J.-C. Grégoire. "Ecological Entomology", Vol. 26, Issue 2, Pages 133–142, 2001.

Large-scale versus small-scale variation decomposition, followed by kriging based on a relative variogram, in presence of a non-stationary residual variance
L. Raty, and M. Gilbert. "Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis", Vol. 2, Issue 2, Pages 91–115, 1998.

Dealing with the modifiable areal unit problem in livestock distribution dowscaling models.
D. Da Re, P. Bourguignon, W. Thanapongtharm, C. Chaiban, T. P. Robinson, M. Gilbert, and S. O. Vanwambeke. "", .